HomeThis week in history20-26 June: First woman to earn a PhD in America and other...

20-26 June: First woman to earn a PhD in America and other events in history


This week in history was significant for women. Three women become the first female Prime Ministers in their retrospective countries, and it was week that the first female was awarded a PhD.

20th June 1895 Caroline Willard Baldwin is the first woman to gain PhD

Caroline Willard Baldwin becomes the first woman to earn a PhD in America. She graduated with a qualification in Physics, and her thesis “A Photographic Study of Arc Spectra” is still viewable online. Despite the difficulty of finding employment for women in higher education, Baldwin secured a position teaching physics at the California School of Mechanical Arts.

21st June 1953 Benazir Bhutto becomes the first female Muslim leader

Benazir Bhutto was born who the first female Muslim world leader. Bhutto was the 11th and 13th prime minister of Pakistan.

Image from Disney

22nd June 1955 Lady and the Tramp is released

The Walt Disney animated movie Lady and the Tramp was released. It was Disney’s 15th animated film. Lady and the Tramp is about a high-society Cocker Spaniel named Lady who lives a refined lifestyle and a male stray mutt called Tramp. The two dogs fall in love and have many romantic adventures together. It was based on the 1945 story “Happy Dan, The Cynical Dog” by Ward Greene.

June 23rd 1961

The Antarctic treaty was enacted. The treaty declares the Antarctic a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science. The main purpose of the treaty is to ensure the interests of mankind, and that Antarctica shall continue forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord. It prohibits military activity, nuclear explosions and the disposal of nuclear waste anywhere on the continent.

June 24th 2010

Julia Gillard became Australia’s first female Prime Minster. Her government introduced the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) , increased funding for education, implemented carbon pricing in Australia, and rolled out the National Broadband Network (NBN).

June 25th 1993

Kim Campbell became Canada’s first and only female prime minister. Campbell was also the first woman to serve as Minister of Justice in Canadian history and the first woman to become Minister of Defence in a NATO member state.

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